The Ring of Fire
The Ring of Fire is an arcing area of places where the tectonic plates meet forming frequent volcano eruptions to occur. The Ring of Fire stretches from New Zealand along the eastern coast of east Asia, North across Alaska, and south along the coast of North American and South America. About over 75% of the worlds active and dormant volcanoes are found throughout the entire world.
In Japan over 1,000 earthquakes shake Japan every year, most of these are small but might cause major damage and also death. Throughout the Ring of Fire people have gothen smarter and started making building methods to reduce death and reduce causalities. Also in Japan is a mountain called Mt. Fuji. It hasn’t erupted in over 300 years but there are scientist who believe it will soon. The first time it erupted it was a great disaster putting down layers of ash and soot on upon Japan.
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A tsunami is a series of traveling ocean waves of extremely long length generated by disturbances associated primarily with earthquakes occurring below or near the ocean floor. Underwater volcanic eruptions and landslides also generate tsunamis. In the deep ocean, their length from wave crest to wave crest may be a hundred miles or more but with a wave height of only a few feet or less. They can’t be felt aboard ship and they can’t be seen from the air in the open ocean. In deep water, the waves may reach speeds exceeding 500 miles per hour. The Tsunami Warning System (TWS) in the Pacific, has 26 participating international Member States, monitors seismological and tidal stations throughout the Pacific Basin. The System evaluates potentially tsunamigenic earthquakes and disseminates tsunami warning information. The Pacific Tsunami Warning center is operated in the center of the pacific TWS.
By Jaala Smith (JHOLLA)
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n.a. “Japan Earthquake.” Finance Twitter. 14 Mar. 2011. Photograph. 11 Apr. 2012.
Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Disaster
After an 8.9 earthquake that triggered a tsunami off of the east coast of Japan, two nuclear plants exploded in March of 2011. Fires broke out among the Daiichi and Fukushima plant, which caused a radiation leak. The explosion occurred because the pump that brought in ocean water to keep the reactors cool was not able to function properly. The back up pump could not bring in sea water because of the tsunami’s waves. Widespread panic occurred and many people were evacuated due to fears of radiation. Radiation was spread nearly all the way to California by air, and this nearly became one of the most deadly nuclear disasters in history.
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Muir, David, Jessica Hopper, and Dean Schabner. “Japan Earthquake: Radiation Leaking After Fukushima Nuclear Plant Explodes.” ABC News. ABC News Network, 14 Mar. 2011. Web. 11 Apr. 2012. <http://abcnews.go.com/International/japan-earthquake-radiation-leaking-fukushima-nuclear-plant-explodes/story?id=13131123>.